M. Kathleen Behrens, Ph.D., has served as a member of our Board since March 2009 and Chairperson of the Board since April 2015. She also currently serves as a member and chair of the audit committee and as a member of the research and development committee of the Board.
Dr. Behrens served as a member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (“PCAST”) from 2001 to early 2009 and as chairwoman of PCAST’s Subcommittee on Personalized Medicine. She has served as a public-market biotechnology securities analyst as well as a venture capitalist focusing on healthcare, technology and related investments. She was instrumental in the founding of several biotechnology companies including Protein Design Labs, Inc. and COR Therapeutics, Inc. She worked for Robertson Stephens & Co. from 1983 through 1996, serving as a general partner and managing director. Dr. Behrens continued in her capacity as a general partner for selected venture funds for RS Investments, an investment management and research firm, from 1996 through December 2009, after management led a buyout of that firm from Bank of America. While Dr. Behrens worked at RS Investments, from 1996 to 2002, she served as a Managing Director at the firm and, from 2003 to December 2009, she served as a consultant to the firm. From 1997 to 2005, she was a director of the Board on Science, Technology and Economic Policy for the National Research Council, and from 1993 to 2000 she was a director, president, and chairwoman of the National Venture Capital Association. Since December 2009, Dr. Behrens has worked as an independent life sciences consultant and investor. Dr. Behrens was a director of Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. from June 2009 until Amylin’s sale in August 2012 to Bristol-Myers Squibb Company. Dr. Behrens also served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of a private oncology services company, KEW Group Inc., based in Cambridge, Massachusetts from January 2012 to July 2014. In January 2019, Dr. Behrens was appointed to the board of directors of IGM Biosciences, a private biotech company that is developing IgM antibodies, initially for oncology indications. Our nominating and corporate governance committee believes that Dr. Behrens’ significant experience in the financial services and biotechnology sectors, as well as in healthcare policy, qualifies her for service as a member of the Board.
Dr. Behrens holds a B.S. in Biology and a Ph.D. in Microbiology from the University of California, Davis.
Richard J. Barry, a long time stockholder of the Company, has served as a member of our Board since June 2015. He currently serves as member and chair of the nominating and corporate governance committee and as a member of the audit committee and the compensation committee of the Board.
Mr. Barry has served as a director for Elcelyx Therapeutics, a pharmaceutical company, since February 2013 and is a Managing Member of GSM Fund, LLC, a fund established for the sole purpose of investing in Elcelyx.
Mr. Barry has also been a Partner and Advisory Board member of the San Diego Padres since 2009 and an Advisory Board member for the Schreyer Honors College at Pennsylvania State University since 2014. He previously served as a director of Cluster Wireless, a San Diego-based software company, and Blacklight Power, an energy research company. Mr. Barry has extensive experience in the investment management business. He was a founding member of Eastbourne Capital Management LLC, a large equity hedge fund investing in a variety of industries, including health care, and served as a Managing General Partner and Portfolio Manager from 1999 to its close in 2010. Prior to Eastbourne, Mr. Barry was a Portfolio Manager and Managing Director of Robertson Stephens Investment Management. Mr. Barry also spent over 13 years in various roles in institutional equity and investment management firms, including Lazard Freres, Legg Mason and Merrill Lynch.
Mr. Barry holds a B.A. from Pennsylvania State University. Our nominating and corporate governance committee believes that Mr. Barry’s significant experience in the financial sector and extensive knowledge of the pharmaceutical industry qualifies him for service as a member of the Board.
Michael W. Bonney was elected to our Board in December 2017. He also serves as a member of the audit committee.
Mr. Bonney is currently the chief executive officer and chair of Kaleido Biosciences, a biotechnology company focused on the development of novel chemistries to unlock the power of the human microbiome. He also is chair of the boards of Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Magenta Therapeutics, and is a member of the board for Celgene Corporation, as well as the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research. Additionally, Mr. Bonney is a trustee of the four healthcare dedicated closed end mutual funds managed by Tekla Capital Management, and he chairs the board of trustees of Bates College.
He was a former partner at Third Rock Ventures, and was the former chief executive officer and a member of the board of directors of Cubist Pharmaceuticals Inc. (a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc. as of January 2015) from June 2003 through its acquisition by Merck in December 2014. Mr. Bonney was a director of NPS Pharmaceuticals, Inc. from 2005 until its sale to Shire plc in February 2015, where he was a member of the audit and compensation committees and chaired the governance committee.
From January 2002 to June 2003, Mr. Bonney served as Cubist’s president and chief operating officer, and from 1995 to 2001, he held various positions of increasing responsibility at Biogen, Inc., including vice president, sales and marketing from 1999 to 2001. Prior to Biogen, Mr. Bonney spent 11 years at Zeneca Pharmaceuticals working in several sales, marketing and strategic planning roles, most recently serving as national business director.
He was a member of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) from 2009 to 2014 and the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), a non-profit biotechnology trade organization, from 2004 to 2009.
Mr. Bonney earned a B.A. in Economics from Bates College.
Mary Ann Gray, Ph.D. was elected to our Board in December 2018. Dr. Gray also serves as a member of the Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees of the company’s Board.
Dr. Gray has extensive experience in the biotechnology and biopharmaceutical industry and most recently served on the boards of: Senomyx and Juniper Pharmaceuticals, a women’s health company, prior to the acquisition of both companies; TetraLogic, a publicly-held clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on oncology and infectious diseases; Dyax, a rare disease company acquired by Shire in 2016; and ACADIA Pharmaceuticals, focused on commercialization of CNS therapies. She is President of Gray Strategic Advisors, LLC, a biotechnology strategic planning and advisory firm.
Dr. Gray has a distinguished scientific background, completing pharmacology research in tumor biology, including the impact of therapeutics on cardiac membranes and beginning her career in biotechnology as a scientist focused on new drug development. She subsequently worked in equities research before becoming a senior analyst and portfolio manager. She holds a Bachelor of Science degree from University of South Carolina, a Ph.D. in pharmacology from the University of Vermont, and completed her post-doctoral work at Northwestern University Medical School and at the Yale University School of Medicine.
Douglas S. Ingram has served as our President, Chief Executive Officer and a member of our Board since June 2017. Prior to his appointment, from December 2015 until November 2016, he served as the Chief Executive Officer and President and a Director of Chase Pharmaceuticals Corporation, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company. Prior to joining Chase Pharmaceuticals, Mr. Ingram served as the President of Allergan, Inc., a pharmaceutical company, from July 2013 until it was acquired by Actavis in early 2015. At Allergan, he also served as President, Europe, Africa and Middle East from August 2010 to June 2013, and Executive Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer, and Secretary from October 2006 to July 2010, where he led Allergan’s Global Legal Affairs, Compliance, Internal Audit and Internal Controls, Human Resources, Regulatory Affairs and Safety, and Global Corporate Affairs and Public Relations departments. In addition, he served as General Counsel of Allergan from January 2001 to June 2009 and as Secretary and Chief Ethics Officer from July 2001 to July 2010.
Mr. Ingram currently serves on the Board of Directors for Relay Therapeutics. He received his J.D. from the University of Arizona and his Bachelor of Science degree from Arizona State University.
John C. Martin, Ph.D., was elected to our Board in January 2020.
Dr. Martin served as the Executive Chairman and Chairman of Gilead Sciences, Inc., from March 2016 through March 2019, after having served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer from June 2008 through March 2016 and President and Chief Executive Officer from 1996 through May 2008. He joined Gilead in 1990 as Vice President, Research and Development. Prior to Gilead, Dr. Martin held several leadership positions at Bristol-Myers Squibb and Syntex Corporation. Dr. Martin currently serves on the Board of Directors at The Scripps Research Institute and Kronos Bio. Additionally, he has served on the Centers for Disease Control/Health Resources and Services Administration’s Advisory Committee on HIV and STD Prevention and Treatment and was a member of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS. He has received the Isbell Award from the American Chemical Society and the Gertrude B. Elion Award for Scientific Excellence from the International Society for Antiviral Research. In 2008, Dr. Martin was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering and, in 2019, he received the National Academy of Sciences Award for Chemistry in Service to Society.
Dr. Martin holds a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the University of Chicago, an MBA from Golden Gate University and a B.S. degree in chemical engineering from Purdue University.
Claude Nicaise, M.D. has served as a member of our Board since June 2015. He currently serves as a member of the compensation committee and as a member of the research and development committee of the Board.
Dr. Nicaise is the owner of Clinical Regulatory Services, a company providing advice on clinical and regulatory matters to biotechnology companies.
Prior to that, Dr. Nicaise was a Senior Vice President of Strategic Development and Global Regulatory Affairs at Alexion Pharmaceuticals from 2008 to 2014. From 1983 to 2008, Dr. Nicaise served in various positions of increasing responsibility at Bristol-Myers Squibb, including the following senior management positions: Vice-President of Global Development, Vice-President Worldwide Regulatory Science and Strategy, and leadership positions in Oncology, Infectious Disease and NeuroScience development. Our nominating and corporate governance committee believes that Dr. Nicaise’s significant experience in the pharmaceuticals sector, including in clinical and regulatory affairs, qualifies him for service as a member of the Board.
Dr. Nicaise received his medical degree from the Universite libre de Bruxelles in Belgium.
Hans Wigzell, M.D., Ph.D., has served as a member of our Board since June 2010. He currently serves as chair of the research and development committee and as a member of the nominating and corporate governance committee of the Board.
In the past five years, Dr. Wigzell has served as a director of Probi AB and currently serves as a director of RaySearch Laboratories AB, Swedish Orphan Biovitrum AB, and Valneva SE (a successor to Intercell AG). Since 2006, Dr. Wigzell has served as chairman of Karolinska Development AB, a company listed on the NASDAQ OMX Stockholm market that selects, develops and seeks ways to commercialize promising new Nordic lifescience innovations. Previously, he was the president of the Karolinska Institute, a medical university, from 1995 to 2003, and was general director of the National Bacteriological Laboratory in Stockholm from 1987 to 1993. Dr. Wigzell is chairman of the board of the Stockholm School of Entrepreneurship. He is an elected member of several national academies, including the Swedish Royal Engineering Academy, Sweden; the Royal Academy of Science, Sweden; the Danish Academy of Arts and Letters; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the Finnish Science Society; and the European Molecular Biology Organization. In addition to serving as president of the Karolinska Institute, his academic career includes being Chairman of the Nobel Prize Committee, and the Karolinska Institute and Distinguished External Advisory Professor of Ehime University, Japan. Additionally, Dr. Wigzell was appointed Chairman of the Nobel Assembly in 2000. Our nominating and corporate governance committee believes that Dr. Wigzell’s experience serving in leadership roles in various scientific and biotechnology institutions and companies in countries around the world qualifies him to serve as a member of the Board.
Dr. Wigzell holds an M.D. and Ph.D. from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and he has received honorary doctorate degrees at University “Tor Vergata” in Rome, Ital, Turku University in Finland and The Feinstein Institute in New York.